More than 21 Lakh STs Students gets Pre Matric Scholarship Rs. 748 Crore Spent During 2013-14 under Post Matric Scholarship Grants-In-Aid to Voluntary Organizations Benefiting About 7,85,431 STs
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is the nodal Ministry for the overall policy, planning and coordination of programmes for the development of the Scheduled Tribes (STs). The programmes and schemes of the Ministry are intended to support and supplement, through financial assistance, the efforts of other Central Ministries, the State Governments and voluntary organizations, and to fill critical gaps taking into account the needs of ST.
The scheme of Pre Matric Scholarship for needy Scheduled Tribes children studying in classes IX and X’ was introduced with effect from 1.7.2012.It has the twin objectives of supporting parents of Scheduled Tribes students for education of their wards studying in classes IX and X so that the incidence of drop out, specially in transition from the elementary to secondary and during secondary stage of education is minimized, and to improve participation of ST students in classes IX and X of Pre-Matric stage, so that they perform well and have a better chance of progressing to Post-Matric stages of education. Under the scheme, till 31st March, 2014, an amount of Rs. 219.43 crore has been spent for 2123512, ST students.
The flagship scheme of Post Matric Scholarship has been revised w.e.f. 1.7.2010 with modifications in rate of scholarship, income ceiling and grouping of the subjects and continues as an important centrally sponsored scheme to promote higher education among STs. Under the scheme, till 31st March 2014, an amount of Rs. 748.39 crore has been spent during 2013-14 to cover 2034563 ST students.
The scheme of ‘Hostels for ST Boys and Girls’, aims at augmenting the availability of educational facilities to ST students, thereby reducing drop-out rates at the middle/higher level education.States were sanctioned 44 new Hostels and an expenditure of Rs. 101.05 crore was incurred under the Scheme, till 31st March, 2014. The scheme of Ashram Schools is yet another scheme to extend educational facilities and to provide an environment conducive to the education of ST boys and girls through dedicated residential schools. An amount of Rs. 72.17 crore was released for establishment of 30 new Ashram Schools in various States till 31st March 2014 for the year 2013-14.
The aim of the scheme of Vocational Training is imparting vocational training to ST youth to increase their employability. The scheme has been revised with effect from 1.4.2009 and a maximum assistance of Rs.30,000/- per annum per ST trainee as per norms will be provided to the State Governments/ UT Administrations, Institutions or Organizations. Under the scheme, till 31st March, 2014, an amount of Rs. 6.11 crore (States component) has been spent. The provisions of the revised scheme are equally applicable to State run Vocational Training Centres as well as those run by NGOs.
Under the scheme of “Research Information and Mass Education, Tribal Festivals and Others” the Ministry takes up various activities including inter-alia research and evaluation studies by reputed Institutes/ Universities, seminars/ workshops and publications, photo competitions, tribal festivals, tribal sports, exchange of visits by tribals and national tribal awards. Grants are also provided to the 17 Tribal Research Institutes (TRIs) on 50:50 sharing basis with the State Governments. These TRIs conduct research and evaluation studies, collect data, codify customary law and conduct training, seminars and workshops and thereby provide planning inputs to the State Governments.
Under the scheme of “Grants-in-aid to Voluntary Organizations working for the welfare of Scheduled Tribes”, the Ministry, during 2013-14 has funded about 269 projects covering residential schools, non-residential schools, hostels, libraries, mobile dispensaries, ten or more bedded hospitals, computer training centres, rural night school, agricultural training, etc. by extending a grant of Rs. 40.00 crore benefiting about 7,85,431 ST beneficiaries. Under the scheme of “Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)”, during 2013-14 the Ministry released Rs.206.90 crore to 15 States/UT for implementation of prioritized activities as per “Conservation-cumDevelopment (CCD) Plans for PVTGs”.
Under the Special Area Programme of SCA to TSP, the Ministry continued to release funds to TSP States, as in previous years, with the objective of supporting the initiatives of the State Governments to provide income earning opportunities in tribal areas in accordance with the guidelines laid down by the Ministry. During 2013-14, Rs. 1049.99 crore released out of the total BE outlay of Rs. 1200.00 crore. (RE-Rs. 1050.00 crore).
The scheme of releasing funds under Article 275 (1) of the Constitution of India on the basis of approved projects continued during the year 2013-14. An amount of Rs. 1097.14 crore has been released out of total B.E. of Rs.1317.00 crore (RE-Rs. 1097.14 crore) to various States for the welfare of Scheduled Tribes and raising the level of administration in the Scheduled Areas in these States.
The National Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation (NSTFDC) continued to function as a catalytic agent for promoting economic developmental activities of STs. This Corporation provides financial assistance at concessional rates of interest. During the year 2013-14, the Corporation has fixed a target of Rs 180 crore for sanction under Income Generating Activities. Against this, NSTFDC has sanctioned financial assistance of Rs 208.25 crore for 2,60,356 beneficiaries during the year 2013-14. This include sanction of Rs 36.27 crore under Adivasi Mahila Sashaktikaran Yojana (AMSY) for 16821 women beneficiaries, Rs 24.53 crore under Micro Credit Scheme for 22085 beneficiaries and Rs 4.81 crore for 197 ST students under Adivasi Shiksha Rrinn Yojana. The Corporation has also released Rs 141.35 crore for implementation of various sanctioned schemes.
The Ministry has been according top priority to the effective implementation of every aspect/ provision of the Forest Rights Act 2006 so as to achieve the objectives enshrined in the Act. As on 31-03-2014, the total number of claims filed under FRA is 37,42,576 out of which 30,53,373 claims have been disposed off and 14,32,556 titles have been issued. The distribution of community titles, a major area of concern, which stood at 8498 titles till December 2012, has, after relentless efforts by this Ministry, risen to 22,430 titles by end of November 2013.
Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED) continued to market tribal products through the network of its retail outlets “TRIBES INDIA” in the country and during the year sold products worth Rs.1490.80 lakhs.
SS: annual 08-08-2014
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